Trams of Australia

X class (Birney car)

Nos: 217, 218
First introduced: 1924
Last withdrawn: 1957
Size: 8.53m x 2.55m
Seating/Crush load: 33/50

Two Birney Lightweight Safety Cars were imported from the USA and entered service in 1924. One was built by Brill, the other by the St Louis Car Co. They were the last trams to be imported for the Melbourne system. They were single-bogie cars, the smallest of Melbourne's passenger trams, and intended for driver-only operation on lightly trafficed lines.

Preserved X-class trams
Car 217, which belongs to the Tramway Museum of Victoria is currently on loan to the PTC historic fleet at the Hawthorn Tram Depot.

(See also: Adelaide's Birney cars . Geelong's Birney cars)

X1 class

Nos: 459 - 468
Introduced: 1926-28
Withdrawn: 1962
Electrics: 2 x 37 kW motors
Size: 9.45 m x 2.46 m
Seating/Crush load: 32/

These locally-built trams were based on the Birney (X-class) design. 10 were built. Two doorways on each side were provided. They operated mainly on the Footscray system until it was closed in 1962, although some operated all over Melbourne in alll-night service.

Preserved X1 trams

X2 class

Nos: 675 - 680
Introduced: 1930
Withdrawn: 1962
Electrics: GE K36JR control, various motors
Seating/Crush load: 32/

A further 6 built, based on the design of the X1. This tram reverted to a single doorway on each side. An inclined windscreen, as used on the Y1-class tram, was also fitted, in order to deflect internal lighting from the driver's eyes. Number 680 was originally numbered 674, but the number was changed to make room for a W4.

Preserved X2 trams

Thanks to Andrew Cox,, for some of the information here.

Thanks to Russell Jones for some of the information here.